Akar Tarum

 

 

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Oleh / By:  Noraida


Nama Tempatan:Akar Tarum
Nama Saintifik:Marsdenia tinctoria r. br
Nama Lain:Renggat padi, renggat akar, taroem akar, akar tarum, tarum hutan, pokok nila, payangit
Famili:Apocynaceae
Lokasi Gambar:Tumbuh liar disemak dan belukar.
Asal:Filipina

KETERANGAN:

Terdapat dua jenis tarum iaitu tarum dan akar tarum. Kedua-duanya merupakan dua jenis tumbuhan yang berbeza. Akar tarum ialah sejenis tumbuhan herba memanjat (liana) yang mempunyai batang berkayu . Ia merupakan tumbuhan bukan semusim dan selalunya dapat hidup dalam suatu tempoh yang agak lama. Tarum dan akar tarum digunakan untuk menghasilkan warna indigo pada kain. Akar tarum mempunyai daun yang berbentuk bujur. Bunganya kecil dan berbau harum. Pembuatan kain pua kumbu di Sarawak menggunakan warna ungu tua (indigo) yang dihasilkan dari daun akar tarum. Penggunaanya dalam penghasilan warna ini menyebabkan ianya selalu di tanam di halaman rumah panjang. Akar tarum biasa dijumpai tumbuh liar di hutan dan belukar kecil. Ia menyukai tempat yang agak redup dan lembab.Akar tarum selalunya membiak melalui keratan batang dan biji benih.

 

KEGUNAAN:

Kegunaan utama akar tarum ialah sebagai pewarna pakaian terutamanya dalam proses pembuatan kain pua kumbu di Sarawak. Ia menghasilkan warna indigo yang cantik dan serata.Dalam perubatan tradisional akar tarum digunakan untuk merawat demam dengan cara merebus akarnya dan airnya diminum. Campuran kayu, akar dan daunnya pula digunakan untuk merawat rheumatik dan ederma. Tumbuhan ini tidak boleh digunakan oleh ibu yang mengandung kerana penggunaannya akan menyebabkan keguguran. Di Bangladesh ia digunakan untuk menggugurkan kandungan.

 


Common Name:Akar Tarum
Scientific Name:Marsdenia tinctoria r. br
Other Name:Renggat padi, renggat akar, taroem akar, akar tarum, tarum hutan, pokok nila, payangit
Family:Apocynaceae
Location:Tumbuh liar disemak dan belukar.
Origin:Filipina


DESCRIPTION:

Also known with its English name the Java Indigo (Malaysian local name is Tarum), Marsdenia Tinctoria R. Br is separated into two different types; the common ‘Tarum’ and the ‘Tarum’ roots. The ‘Tatum’ roots is a type of herb species that climbs (Liana) and it has a wooden bark. It usually is able to survive for a long period of time and does not grow in seasons. Both of these type of ‘Tarums’ are often used to create Indigo colored dye for fabrics. The root species has leaves that are oval-shaped.
The flowers are small and fragrant. The traditional Pua Kumbu clothing of Sarawak includes the Indigo dye extracted from the Tarum leaves. Due to its convenient usage in dyeing, this herb is often planted within the compounds of a long house. ‘Tarum’ roots are typically found blooming wildly in the forests or wild bushes as it prefers a rather shady and moist environment for its growth. Normally, the ‘Tarum’ roots reproduce through stem cutting method or through seedlings.

 

USAGE:

The main usage of the ‘Tarum’ roots is to benefit as a clothing or fabric dye, particularly in the process of making the traditional Sarawak Pua Kumbu for its ability to produce a beautiful and even shade of Indigo. Whereas in traditional medication, ‘Tarum’ roots can be boiled in hot water and have it as a drink to cure fevers. A mix of its roots, stem and leaves is useful as a Rheumatic and Edema remedy. This herb is however not to be taken by pregnant mothers for it will cause miscarriage to the baby. This trait has made it a common material in Bangladesh for abortion.

 


RUJUKAN / REFERENCES:

 

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