Moringa

 

 

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Oleh / By:  Noraida Arifin


Nama Tempatan: Moringa
Nama Saintifik: Moringa oleifera
Nama Lain: Gemunggai, Kacang Kelor, Remunggai, Munggai, Drumstick tree, Horseradish tree, Ben oil tree, Benzoil tree
Famili: Moringaceae
Lokasi Dijumpai: Tumbuhan di melur.com
Asal:: Asia & Afrika

KETERANGAN:

Ia merupakan sejenis pokok yang cepat membesar. Ia boleh mencapai ketinggian antara 10 hingga 12 meter. Diameter batangnya sahaja boleh mencapai sehingga 1.5 kaki. Moringa cepat berbunga. Selalunya jika di kawasan tropika, bunga pertama akan dihasilkan kira-kira 6 bulan selepas ditanam.Walaubagaimanapun ia mungkin lambat sedikit jika di tanam di kawasan yang beriklim lebih sejuk. Bunganya agak wangi berwarna putih kekuningan. Dalam keadaan yang optimum , seperti dalam iklim khatulistiwa, bunganya boleh terhasil sepanjang tahun.
Buah moringa bergantungan pada dahannya. Ia berbentuk panjang dengan kapsul-kapsul yang mengandungi bijinya. Buahnya berwarna hijau ketika muda dan menjadi coklat gelap apabila matang.Biji benihnya berwarna coklat gelap , mempunyai sayap dan disebarkan melalui angin dan air. Pemangkasan perlu dilakukan setiap tahun untuk terus menggalakkan pertumbuhan pokok moringa.

 

KEGUNAAN:

Selain daripada menjadi sumber makan ia juga mempunyai pelbagai khasiat seperti membekalkan Vitamin B, melindungi daripada bakteria, mengawal gula & tekanan darah, meningkatkan tenaga, kaya dengan antioksida serta membantu meningkatkan daya tahan badan. Moringa juga biasa digunakan untuk menurunkan berat badan yang berlebihan.


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Common Name: Moringa
Scientific Name: Moringa oleifera
Other Name: Gemunggai, Kacang Kelor, Remunggai, Munggai, Drumstick tree, Horseradish tree, Ben oil tree, Benzoil tree
Family: Moringaceae
Location: Tumbuhan di melur.com
Origin: Asia & Afrika


DESCRIPTION:

Moringa oleifera is the most widely cultivated species of the genus Moringa, which is the only genus in the family Moringaceae. English common names include: Moringa, Drumstick tree, Horseradish tree, Ben oil tree, or Benzoil tree (from the oil which is derived from the seeds). It is a fast-growing, drought-resistant tree, native to the southern foothills of the Himalayas in northwestern India, and widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical areas where its young seed pods and leaves are used as vegetables. It can also be used for water purification and hand washing, and is sometimes used in herbal medicine.

 

USAGE:

Moringa has various applications especially in cooking. The organic products or seed cases, known as drumsticks, are a culinary vegetable commonly utilized as a part of soups and curries. The leaves can be used in numerous culinary cooking together with the blooms.
In Thailand, Moringa are usually cut into shorter lengths and stewed in curries and soups. Since the external skin is hard, drumsticks are frequently crushed to separate the juices and nutrients.

 


RUJUKAN / REFERENCES:

https://www.wikipedia.com

 

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